Weekly Letter to the President
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INAUGURATION,   January 20, 2009

Drunk in its stale air
For two hundred years.
Fettered in mind and body,
The soul, the safe escape

To let me breathe the cries
Of my heart singing
Tears of mel-an-choly.

The tears flow free today
Washing the stains of blood
And sweat in brotherhood.

Raise the curtain then an'
Let the world look in
On this promised land --
We breathe free today.... almost.

--- Arshad M. Khan
We will be known forever by the tracks we leave.
---  Native American proverb
May 25, 2018 (posted May 28)

Mr. President:  A week ago on May 18, 10 students were killed and 13 wounded at
Santa Fe High school just south of Houston, within its metropolitan area.  The shooter
was a student who, as can now be expected, had been bullied.

While definitions of a mass shooting may vary, the Investigative Assistance for Violent
Crimes Act of 2012 labels it as a killing of three or more persons excluding the
perpetrator. Yet school violence per se is a problem in the US when half the incidents
worldwide occur here and through February this year school shootings were
averaging one a week.

Data on mass shootings compiled by Grant Duwe, a criminologist at the Minnesota
Dept. of Corrections in St. Paul, goes as far back as 1915.  That is when a Georgia
man killed his attorney, who he blamed for financial losses, and another five people,
wounding 32 others in the rampage.

Of note in the data is the fact that Duwe's annual rate of mass shootings calculated
per 100 million people was minuscule prior to 1965.  For example, only three were
recorded from 1950 to 1965.  The rate rose to 0.52 from 1970 to 1979, then
skywards to about 1.44 per 100 million people annually from 2010.  What has caused
this rise?  Well, everybody knows and nobody knows, meaning there is much
anecdotal opinion but no serious research.

In a school shooting, a common narrative is the perpetrator was bullied but thousands
of kids are bullied; what makes one into a mass killer?  Psychiatric problems are
another frequent component of a shooter's make up.  Again there are millions with
such problems but a microscopic few taking to the extreme of a killing spree.

While a trigger has yet to be found, opportunity is a clearer aspect.  A putative mass
shooter can only realize his hate into action if he has opportunity, namely, access to

While there may not be definitive research on such access and mass shootings in the
US, we have conclusive evidence from Australia.  After a mass shooting killed 35
people in Port Arthur, Tasmania, there was shock and disbelief in the country.  Strict
gun control laws soon followed.  A mandatory buy-back of existing firearms led to the
surrender and destruction of 650,000 weapons.  The results are incontrovertible:  
From1978 to 1996, Australia had 13 mass shootings; since 1997, it has had none.

If quick action by a majority party can be an advantage in a parliamentary form of
government, as in Australia, the US constitution takes the opposite view.  Deathly
afraid of tyranny, the founding fathers designed it to preclude hasty decisions.  They
also ensured the office of President is weak.  And adding to his troubles, this
officeholder is sometimes faced with opposition majorities in the House and the

Restriction on gun ownership can quickly hit the roadblock of the Second
Amendment, buttressed as it is by the political muscle of the gun lobby.  Ratified on
December 15, 1791, this Amendment states in no uncertain terms, "A well-regulated
Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep
and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."

Some might argue a militia in the 21st century is outdated; the other side responds, it
would constitute a powerful guerilla force.  Should the Second Amendment be
revisited?  It's a tough question for politicians fighting elections.  For the time being,
Americans must live with the tragedy of over 36,000 gun-related deaths annually ...
including a visiting foreign student named Sabika Sheikh, who along with the dreams
of her modest Karachi (Pakistan) family, perished at the hands of the Santa Fe High
School shooter.