Custom Search
Questions and Comments


Copyright © 2010  
All rights reserved.
February 5, 2011


By Uri Avnery
Gush Shalom --

WE ARE in the middle of a geological event. An earthquake of epoch-making
dimensions is changing the landscape of our region. Mountains turn into
valleys, islands emerge from the sea, volcanoes cover the land with lava.

People are afraid of change. When it happens, they tend to deny, ignore,
pretend that nothing really important is happening.

Israelis are no exception. While in neighboring Egypt earth-shattering
events were taking place, Israel was absorbed with a scandal in the army
high command. The Minister of Defense abhors the incumbent Chief of Staff
and makes no secret of it. The presumptive new chief was exposed as a liar
and his appointment canceled. These were the headlines.

But what is happening now in Egypt will change our lives.

AS USUAL, nobody foresaw it. The much-feted Mossad was taken by surprise,
as was the CIA and all the other celebrated services of this kind.

Yet there should have been no surprise at all - except about the incredible
force of the eruption. In the last few years, we have mentioned many times in
this column that all over the Arab world, multitudes of young people are
growing up with a profound contempt for their leaders, and that sooner or
later this will lead to an uprising. These were not prophesies, but rather a
sober analysis of probabilities.

The turmoil in Egypt was caused by economic factors: the rising cost of
living, the poverty, the unemployment, the hopelessness of the educated
young. But let there be no mistake: the underlying causes are far more
profound. They can be summed up in one word: Palestine.

In Arab culture, nothing is more important than honor. People can suffer
deprivation, but they will not stand humiliation.

Yet what every young Arab from Morocco to Oman saw daily was his leaders
humiliating themselves, forsaking their Palestinian brothers in order to gain
favor and money from America, collaborating with the Israeli occupation,
cringing before the new colonizers. This was deeply humiliating for young
people brought up on the achievements of Arab culture in times gone by and
the glories of the early Caliphs.

Nowhere was this loss of honor more obvious than in Egypt, which openly
collaborated with the Israeli leadership in imposing the shameful blockade
on the Gaza Strip, condemning 1.5 million Arabs to malnutrition and worse. It
was never just an Israeli blockade, but an Israeli-Egyptian one, lubricated by
1.5 billion US dollars every year.

I have reflected many times – out loud – how I would feel if I were a 15 year-
old boy in Alexandria, Amman or Aleppo, seeing my leaders behave like
abject slaves of the Americans and the Israelis, while oppressing and
despoiling their own subjects. At that age, I myself joined a terrorist
organization. Why would an Arab boy be different?

A dictator may be tolerated when he reflects national dignity. But a dictator
who expresses national shame is a tree without roots – any strong wind can
blow him over.

For me, the only question was where in the Arab world it would start. Egypt –
like Tunisia – was low on my list. Yet here it is – the great Arab revolution
taking place in Egypt.

THIS IS a wonder in itself. If Tunisia was a small wonder, this is a huge one.

I love the Egyptian people. True, one cannot really like 88 million individuals,
but one can certainly like one people more than another. In this respect, one
is allowed to generalize.

The Egyptians you meet in the streets, in the homes of the intellectual elite
and in the alleys of the poorest of the poor, are an incredibly patient lot. They
are endowed with an irrepressible sense of humor. They are also immensely
proud of the country and its 8000 years of history.

For an Israeli, used to his aggressive compatriots, the almost complete lack
of aggressiveness of the Egyptians is astonishing. I vividly remember one
particular scene: I was in a taxi in Cairo when it collided with another. Both
drivers leapt out and started to curse each other in blood-curling terms. And
then quite suddenly, both of them stopped shouting and burst into laughter.

A Westerner coming to Egypt either loves it or hates it. The moment you set
your foot on Egyptian soil, time loses its tyranny. Everything becomes less
urgent, everything is muddled, yet in a miraculous way things sort
themselves out. Patience seems boundless. This may mislead a dictator.
Because patience can end suddenly.

It’s like a faulty dam on a river. The water rises behind the dam, imperceptibly
slowly and silently – but if it reaches a critical level, the dam will burst,
sweeping everything before it.

MY OWN first meeting with Egypt was intoxicating. After Anwar Sadat’s
unprecedented visit to Jerusalem, I rushed to Cairo. I had no visa. I shall
never forget the moment I presented my Israeli passport to the stout official
at the airport. He leafed through it, becoming more and more bewildered –
and then he raised his head with a wide smile and said “marhaba”, welcome.
At the time we were the only three Israelis in the huge city, and we were
feted like kings, almost expecting at any moment to be lifted onto people’s
shoulders. Peace was in the air, and the masses of Egypt loved it.

It took no more than a few months for this to change profoundly. Sadat
hoped – sincerely, I believe – that he was also bringing deliverance to the
Palestinians. Under intense pressure from Menachem Begin and Jimmy
Carter, he agreed to a vague wording. Soon enough he learned that Begin
did not dream of fulfilling this obligation. For Begin, the peace agreement
with Egypt was a separate peace to enable him to intensify the war against
the Palestinians.

The Egyptians – starting with the cultural elite and filtering down to the
masses – never forgave this. They felt deceived. There may not be much
love for the Palestinians – but betraying a poor relative is shameful in Arab
tradition. Seeing Hosni Mubarak collaborating with this betrayal led many
Egyptians to despise him. This contempt lies beneath everything that
happened this week. Consciously or unconsciously, the millions who are
shouting “Mubarak Go Away” echo this contempt.

IN EVERY revolution there is the “Yeltsin Moment”. The columns of tanks are
sent into the capital to reinstate the dictatorship. At the critical moment, the
masses confront the soldiers. If the soldiers refuse to shoot, the game is
over. Yeltsin climbed on the tank, ElBaradei addressed the masses in al
Tahrir Square. That is the moment a prudent dictator flees abroad, as did the
Shah and now the Tunisian boss.

Then there is the “Berlin Moment”, when a regime crumbles and nobody in
power knows what to do, and only the anonymous masses seem to know
exactly what they want: they wanted the Wall to fall.

And there is the “Ceausescu moment”. The dictator stands on the balcony
addressing the crowd, when suddenly from below a chorus of “Down With
The Tyrant!” swells up. For a moment, the dictator is speechless, moving his
lips noiselessly, then he disappears. This, in a way, happened to Mubarak,
making a ridiculous speech and trying in vain to stem the tide.

IF MUBARAK is cut off from reality, Binyamin Netanyahu is no less. He and his
colleagues seem unable to grasp the fateful meaning of these events for

When Egypt moves, the Arab world follows. Whatever transpires in the
immediate future in Egypt – democracy or an army dictatorship - It is only a
matter of (a short) time before the dictators fall all over the Arab world, and
the masses will shape a new reality, without the generals.

Everything the Israeli leadership has done in the last 44 years of occupation
or 63 years of its existence is becoming obsolete. We are facing a new
reality. We can ignore it – insisting that we are “a villa in the jungle”, as Ehud
Barak famously put it – or find our proper place in the new reality.

Peace with the Palestinians is no longer a luxury. It is an absolute necessity.
Peace now, peace quickly. Peace with the Palestinians, and then peace with
the democratic masses all over the Arab world, peace with the reasonable
Islamic forces (like Hamas and the Muslim Brothers, who are quite different
from al Qaeda), peace with the leaders who are about to emerge in Egypt and