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Dec 22, 2013
By Uri Avnery
Source: Gush Shalom
SEEING HER face on the TV screen, one is struck by her beauty. It is the face of an
angel, pure and innocent.
Then she opens her mouth, and what pours out is vile and ugly, the racist message of
the extreme right. Like seeing a cherub parting its lips and revealing the teeth of a
Ayelet Shaked may be the beauty queen of the present Knesset. Her name is
enticing: Ayelet means gazelle, Shaked means almond. But she is the instigator of
some of the most outrageous right-wing initiatives in this Knesset. She is also the
chairwoman of Naftali Bennett's Jewish Home faction, the nationalist-religious party of
the settlers, the most radical rightist party of the current government coalition.
Her latest exploit is a bill which is now being debated in the Knesset, which would levy
a huge tax on donations given by foreign “political entities” to Israeli human rights
associations, those who advocate a boycott of Israel (or of the settlements only), the
indictment of Israeli officers accused of war crimes in international courts, and more.
All this while immense sums of money are flowing from abroad to the settlements and
their supporters. A large share of these sums is practically donated by the US
government, which allows their exemption from US income tax as philanthropic. Much
of it comes from American Jewish billionaires of dubious repute.
IN A way, this Gazelle is the face of an international phenomenon. All over Europe,
extreme fascistic parties are flourishing. Small despised fringe groups suddenly
expand into large parties with a national impact. From Holland to Greece, from France
to Russia, these parties propagate a mixture of super-nationalism, racism,
xenophobia, Islamophobia, anti-Semitism and immigrant-hatred. A deadly witches’
The explanation seems to be simple. All over the place, the economic crisis has hit the
people hard. Unemployment is high. Young people cannot find jobs. The victims look
for a scapegoat on which to vent their anger. They choose the foreigner, the minority,
the helpless. That has been so since antiquity. That’s how a failed painter named
Adolf Hitler became a historic figure.
For politicians without vision or values, this is the easiest way to success and
prominence. It is also the most despicable.
An Austrian socialist said more than a century ago: “Anti-Semitism is the socialism of
Social reformers may believe that the whole thing is instigated by the world’s
billionaires, who are concentrating an ever larger part of the world’s assets in their
hands. The gap between the upper 1% and everybody else is growing relentlessly,
and the beneficiaries are financing radical right-wingers to divert the anger of the
masses in other directions. Stands to reason.
HOWEVER, TO my mind the economic explanation is too simple. If the same
phenomenon appears at the same time in so many different countries, with different
economic situations, there must be more profound reasons. There must be some
elements of Zeitgeist in it.
I think that we are witnessing a basic cultural breakdown, a crisis of accepted values.
This kind of upheaval generally accompanies social changes, often caused by
economic and technological breakthroughs. It is a sign of social dissonance, of
disorientation. On the eve of the Nazi revolt, the German writer Hans Fallada wrote an
immensely successful book called “Kleiner Mann was nun?” (Little Man, What Now?),
expressing the despair of the newly disinherited masses. Many little men and women
around the world are in the same situation now.
In Israel, too.
LAST WEEK, we saw a spectacle that would have shaken our grandparents to the
Some 300 black people, many of them barefoot in the biting cold of an exceptionally
severe winter, were walking dozens of kilometers on a central road. They were
refugees who had managed to flee from Sudan and Eritrea, to walk all the way
through Egypt and the Sinai and had crossed the border into Israel. (Since then, a
wall has been erected along the Sinai border, and this stream has practically stopped.)
There are now about 60,000 such African refugees in Israel. Thousands of them are
crowded in the most run-down slums of Tel Aviv and other cities, causing deep
resentment among the locals. This has proved a fertile breeding ground for racism.
The most successful agitator is another beautiful member of the Knesset, the Likud’s
Miri Regev, a former army chief spokeswoman, who is inciting the inhabitants and the
country in the most primitive and vulgar manner.
Looking for a solution to the problem, the government built a large prison in the
middle of the desolate Negev desert, unbearably hot in summer and unbearably cold
in winter. Thousands of black refugees have been crowded there without trial for
three years. Some called it a concentration camp.
Israeli human rights associations – the same as above - applied to the Supreme
Court, and the imprisonment of the refugees was declared unconstitutional. The
government thought again (if thinking is the right word) and decided to circumvent the
decision. Not far from the forbidden prison a new prison was built, and the refugees
were put there for one year each.
No, not a prison. Something called “Open Live-in Facility”. We are good at naming
things. We call that “verbal laundry”.
This “open” desert prison is closed during the night, but inmates are free during the
day. However, it is far from anywhere. The inmates must register three times during
daytime – thus making it impossible to go anywhere, not to mention finding work.
It is from this “open” prison that the valiant 300 have walked out and marched all the
way to Jerusalem, some 150 kilometers, in order to demonstrate in front of the
Knesset. It took them three days. They were accompanied by a few Israeli human
rights activists, mostly female, their light faces very conspicuous among all the black
In front of the Knesset they were brutally attacked by specially trained riot police.
Each demonstrator was surrounded by half a dozen bullies and violently thrown into a
bus, which brought them to the old non-open prison.
I AM dwelling on this incident because I am profoundly ashamed.
Racism is not a new thing in Israel. Far from it. But whenever we accuse our gazelles
of racism, they answer that this is pure libel. There is a conflict between us and the
Palestinians, strict security measures are called for, this has nothing to do with racism,
This is a very dubious argument, but at least it has some plausibility.
But we have no national conflict with the refugees. No security considerations are
It is racism, pure and simple.
Let’s imagine that suddenly, in a remote corner between Eritrea and the Sudan, a
Jewish tribe had been discovered. Its 60,000 members want to come to Israel.
The country would be in a delirium. The red carpet would be rolled out in Ben-Gurion
airport. Both the President and the Prime Minister would be there, ready with their
most banal speeches. They would receive an “absorption subsidy”, free housing and
So it’s not an economic problem, nor a question of absorption, housing or
employment. It’s not even a question of skin color. Black Jews from Ethiopia are
It’s simply THAT THEY ARE NOT JEWISH.
No room here for other people. They would take away our jobs. They would change
the demographic balance. This, after all, is a Jewish State!
OR IS it?
If this were a Jewish State, would it treat refugees this way?
A hundred memories float into our minds. Of Jews being hounded from country to
country. Of the mighty United States of America rejecting Jewish refugees on a
German ship, fleeing from Nazi persecution. And later exterminated in the death
camps. Of the Swiss pushing back Jews escaping from the concentration camps who
had made it to their border.
Remember “The Boat Is Full?”
If this really were a Jewish state, would it try to bribe African states to accept these
refugees without asking what would happen to them there? For a refugee from the
hell of Darfur, Zimbabwe is as foreign as New Zealand (unless one subscribes to the
theory that “all blacks are the same”.)
If this really were a Jewish state, would the Minister of the Interior, a Likud functionary,
send his force of goons to go hunting for refugees in the streets?
No, this is not a Jewish state. The Bible commands us to treat the stranger in our
midst as we would want to be treated ourselves. “Also, thou shalt not oppress a
stranger, for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of
Egypt!” (Exodus 23:9)
URI AVNERY is an Israeli writer, former Knesset member and peace activist with Gush