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June 26, 2014

The Other Buffett Takes on Hunger

By Ralph Nader


He could have chosen an easier path in life. After all, Howard G. Buffett is the son of
brainy investor, Warren Buffett. Instead, he chose to become a working farmer in
Decatur, Illinois and launch a serious effort to fight world hunger in poor countries and
in the United States (where 50 million humans are “food insecure”) with self-
sustaining, locally-rooted solutions.

In so doing, he has made substantive visits to over 120 countries, some of which were
in the most dangerous, chaotic regions of the world including Eastern Congo to the
South Sudan to violent areas of Afghanistan. He interacts with local farmers on the
most minute aspects of soil, water and seeds plus the problems of credit,
transportation and finding local markets.

You see, Howard Buffett is a determined empiricist and a self-taught agronomist. He
wants to know what is working well with the land and what can be improved,
sometimes with the help of his foundation, but always with the real changes coming
from the local cultures and local famers.

His group has experimental farms in Arizona and South Africa to analyze, test and
improve the diverse chains of food production for the nearly one billion adults and
children in the world who suffer from chronic hunger and the lifelong physical and
developmental burdens. From all this constant traveling deep into the afflicted places
where subsistence farmers live, “his body has taken a terrific beating,” in the words of
one knowledgeable person who has been with him on a few of these trips.

Years ago (he is 59 years old) Howard Buffett started his travels as an experienced
photographer of endangered species, such as the cheetah and the mountain gorilla.
These adventures in wilderness habitats and the “experiences of the poor,”
introduced him to his more recent calling, to take on world hunger.

I know this from reading his fascinating, critical, encouraging, often anthropological,
new book Forty Chances (Simon & Schuster, 2013), which recounts, with his own
photographs of the young and old, the Howard G. Buffett Foundation’s efforts to help
get things underway and make a difference in places where people are suffering the
most. He is not reluctant to admit mistakes; he learns from them and starts fresh.

His father wrote these words in the Foreword of Forty Chances: “Howie’s love of
farming makes his work particularly helpful to the millions of abject poor whose only
hope is the soil. His fearlessness has meanwhile exposed him to an array of
experiences more common to adventurers than philanthropists.”

This is a book with great empathy and little ideology.  Mr. Buffett opposes hedge
funds being able to purchase large tracts of agrarian land in Africa as this has a long-
lasting damaging impact on the people of those countries.

Howard Buffett writes that “we need to act with urgency. People are dying and
suffering today.” He quotes his father’s advice: “Concentrate your resources on
needs that would not be met without your efforts … Expect to make some mistakes;
nothing important will be accomplished if you make only ‘safe’ decisions.”

Throughout the book, it is clear that Buffett believes in advancing solutions that are
localized and lasting, rather than putting forth charity that is temporary, external and
induces dependency, or worse, becomes an inducement for corrupt seizure of the
food by the local powers.

Forty Chances is rich with engrossing details. Buffett believes in utilizing or
rediscovering old knowledge from these rural areas as well as using appropriate
modern technologies that are affordable. “We can’t use Western thinking to solve
African challenges,” he writes. Still, he is big on no-till techniques and cover crops.

Buffett’s poignant chapter on hunger in Illinois brought forth his admission that he
hadn’t realized how “widespread and yet hidden it was,” there and around our country.

He has visited and been impressed by the Rodale Institute’s work on organic food in
Pennsylvania. Yet, he uses and believes GMO crops are necessary to meet the
growing demands of the world’s hungry. I look forward to the empiricism of the open-
minded Mr. Buffett as he receives reports from scientists and field analysts here and
abroad whose opinions differ from his, among them being the increasing evidence of
resistance by mutating weeds and insects that will require ever more powerful and
costly herbicide and pesticide applications (see

I recommend his 411 page book for immersion reading, especially for urban and
suburban people who have little understanding of what has to be done to get food to
people who cannot casually drive to the local supermarket and stock up.

And stay tuned to the widening efforts (such as helping East Congolese “make soap
from palm nut oil”) of Howard Buffett and his widening arc of small, informed self-
starters on four continents. They are serious about implementing workable solutions.
As long as he does not go too hard on himself personally and can avoid being ‘too
busy’ to achieve more, I believe that the best of Howard G. Buffett is yet to come.