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Feb 23, 2013
Israel is heading towards a profound internal crisis: a Jew on Jew confrontation, which,
however, has major implications for its relations with Palestinians, as well as its Middle
East neighbors. The conflict is between the highly militarized Zionist state and the
Haredim religious movement over a number of issues, including recent proposals by
Netanyahu to end the religious exemption of Haradi youth from serving in Israel’s
colonial armed forces.
By Prof. James Petras
Source: Information Clearing House
Even before the forcible imposition(‘founding’) of the Israeli state, the Haredim were
opposed to Zionism. Today the vast majority of Haredim in Israel remain staunchly
opposed to the Zionist state for religious, ethical and political reasons. Haredim
religious teaching claims that the Jewish people are bound by three oaths (1) not to
settle in Israel by using force (2) not to war with other nations and (3) not to act as if
the nations of the world would persecute Israel. Haredim were in opposition to Israel’s
violent ethnic cleaning of over 850,000 Palestinians in the course of establishing the
Israeli State and continues to oppose Israel’s settlers’ violently dispossession of
Palestinians. Unlike other so-called “ultra-Orthodox” sects, who support Israeli
colonialism and bless the military, Haredim believe that Israeli militarism corrupts the
spirit and that Zionists have converted Jews from worshippers of the Torah to rabid
ethnocentric upholders of a militarist State. For the Haredim, State worship especially
the waving of the Israeli flag in the houses of worship, is a sacrilege comparable to the
renegade Jews condemned by Moses for worshipping the Golden Calf.
The majority of Haredim boycott elections, organize their own schools (Yeshivas),
encourage students to deepen their religious studies, emphasize community and
family values (of a oppresive patriarchal sort) with numerous children and strongly
reject the State’s attempt to conscript Haredim youth into their colonial occupation
army, the so-called Israeli Defense (sic) Force (IDF). All the major Zionist political
parties and the ruling colonial regime demonize the Haredim, claiming they are
shirking their military responsibilities .Via the mass media and public pronouncements
they incite Israeli hatred toward the Haredim: a study in 2006 claimed that over a third
of Israeli Jews considered the Haredim the most hated group in Israel.
The Haredim, on the other hand, have reason to fear and loath the secular militarist
Zionist state and politicians. After World War II in the Zionist controlled camps for
Jewish refugee children in Teheran, the Jewish Agency imposed Zionist ideology and
militarist anti-religious policies to cut Haredim children from their spiritual roots.
According to one Haredim report many groups of Jewish youth from Poland, mostly
survivors of the Holocaust and Soviet Russia, were subjected to “unimaginable mental
and physical cruelty with one goal in mind: obliteration of Judaism”. Given the Israeli
drive today to harness a corrupted form of Judaism to colonial militarism, the Haredim
have every reason to believe that the conscription of its youth will be accompanied by
cruel, systematic Zionist brainwashing to ensure they make “good”, brutal occupation
Haredim versus Israeli State Values
The Haredim fervently believe and practice in the Biblical teaching, “Be fruitful and
multiply”. They have large families and the median age of Haredim is 16 years. Their
peaceful message to militarist Zionists could be “make babies not bombs”.
Some Haredim leaders have met with Palestinian and Iranian leaders and in line with
their religious doctrine have declared their support for peaceful resolution of conflicts
and have denounced Israel’s aggressive military posture.
Haredim are intensely religious and discuss and debate the readings of some of the
great religious scholars: their message to the Zionists is read Maimonides’ ethical
treatices not Netanyahu’s bellicose, blood curdling rants.
Haredim live and study largely in the confines of their cohesive communities. They
send their sons to the yeshivas to study religious doctrine not to the West Bank to kill
Palestinians.They call on their children to serve G-d not the IDF. They seek truth in
the Torah not in conquest via the Preventive War Doctrines espoused by prestigious
Israeli and overseas Zionist academic militarists.
Haredim focus on building a better life within their community; they reject the efforts of
the Zionist state to entice them into joining self-styled “jewish” settlers engaged in
vicious land grabs in the West Bank, in the name of “contributing to society (sic)”.
Haredim’s ‘introverted way of life’ is seen as a prophylactic alternative to the crass
militarism, money laundering, financial speculation, body parts enterprises and real
estate swindles rife among the elite Jews in Israel and among sectors of overseas
Zionists engaged in procuring multi- billion dollar tribute from the US Treasury.
Haredim believe, with exemplary evidence, that conscripting their youth into the Israeli
colonial army would destroy their moral values, as they would be forced to grope Arab
women at checkpoints, break the legs of stone throwing Palestinian children, defend
lawless self-styled “Jewish” settlers scribbling obscene graffiti in mosques and
churches … not to speak of the ill effects of what secular Israeli Jews call a “modern
education”, full of historical fabrications about the origins of Israel, scientific readings
on high tech war-making and “advanced” economic doctrines proclaiming the sacred
role of the free market,and justifying the 60% poverty rate among Haredim as “self-
No, the Haredim demand that the Israeli Jewish elite stop trying to conscript their
youth into the Army and practicing employment discrimination, which triples the
unemployment rate among Haredim.
The Coming ‘Civil War’: Zionist State versus the Haredim
The elected leader Yair Lapid of newly formed Yesh Atid Party, dubbed a “centrist” by
the New York Times and a ‘moderate’ by the leading ideologues of the Zionist “lobby”,
ran on a platform of forcibly ending the Haredim exemption from conscription into
colonial military service. Yair Lapid, in the run-up to joining a new Netanyahu coalition
regime, has launched a vicious attack on Haredim. Lapid premises his agreement to
joining Netanyahu’s war machine on forcibly confronting the Haredim leadership. Yair
Lapid taps the class and secular resentments of Israel’s upwardly mobile youth who
bitterly complain of having to serve in the army and delaying their money-making
opportunities while the poor, semi-literate “blacks” (derogatory term for the clothing of
Haredim) engage in “worthless studies” of the Torah. Lapid, using the same perverted
logic as Netanyahu, claims that “Ten percent of the population cannot threaten 90
percent with civil war” (Financial Times, 2/14/13, p. 6.). The executioner (Lapid)
accuses the victim (Haredim) of the violence he is about to commit. Yesh Atid, the
“centrist party” (sic), has allied with Naftali Bennett’s neo-fascist Jewish Home Party
(pushing for the annexation of all of Palestine) in support of smashing Haredim’s
opposition to conscription. They hold veto power over the next cabinet. This rabid
secular military assault has provoked the opposition and unity of other Zionist-
religious parties. The Shahs and United Torah Judaism have taken up the defense of
Lines are being drawn far beyond a Haredim-Zionist State confrontation.
The Larger Meaning of the Haredim-Zionist Conflict
The Haredim hostility to the secular Zionist state is in part based on its opposition to
military conscription thus calling into question Israeli militarism ,in general, and
specifically its policy of colonial occupation and regional aggression. While some
Haredim may oppose conscription for religious reasons and seek exemption solely for
its own youth, objectively, the effect is to undermine Israel’s violation of Palestinian
rights and to call into question the entire apartheid system. By speaking to spiritual
values, they deny the legitimacy of the idea of a Jewish police state based on force,
violence, torture and disappearance of political prisoners. Their questioning of the
institutional configuration upholding Jewish supremacy and Israel as the homeland of
the Chosen People, they strike a powerful blow at the ideological underpinnings of the
overseas activity of the Zionist power configuration. Their animosity to the fusion of
Jewish chauvinism and religious rituals and the tribal deification of the Israeli state is
counterposed to their embrace of Moses Ten Commandments.
The Haredim study the teaching of the renowned Judaic philosophy Maimonides and
abhor Zionist militaristic strategists like Walzer, Dershowitz, Kagan, Feith, Netanyahu,
etc. who preach colonial “just war” doctrines. Representing 10% of the Israeli
population and a far greater percentage of military age youth, the Haredim are in a
position to sharply limit the scope of future Zionist wars.If they succeed in blocking
conscription, they would provide a lasting contribution to making the world in general,
and the Middle East in particular, a more secure and peaceful place to live.
Facing the prospect of a loss of future cannon fodder to sustain its colonial ventures,
and in their frenzied attacks on the Haredim, the Israeli-Zionist elite have incited the
majority of Israeli Jews to demonize them as ‘backward’, illiterate, freeloaders and to
blame the religious curriculum for their growing and current 60% rate of poverty and
high unemployment. Israel’s war machine needs fresh recruits to maintain its imperial
quest for a Greater Israel. Demographics – with families exceeding five children –
indicate the Haredim are likely to double their percentage of the Israeli population
over the next two decades. Faced with the facts in the womb,the colonial expansionist
imperative drives all the leading zionist parties to end Haredim’s exemptions. In
response Haredim leaders threaten to engage in massive civil disobedience if the
Zionists impose conscription, rightly seeing conscription of its youth as an assault on
its most profoundly held spiritual and family values and as an opening wedge in
destroying community solidarity and reciprocal relations.
The Haredim share a common plight with Israel’s Arab population: both face
increasing police harassment, discrimination, religious persecution and rising levels of
poverty. A Haredim-Arab alliance would unite 30% of the population against a
common secular militarist and plutocratic enemy. Farfetched as it seems on the
subjective level, there are objective historical and structural processes which are
driving the two groups together.
It is one of the great ironies of history that the world’s modern secular anti-imperialist
movements should find their most consequential allies among Israel’s most traditional
and deeply religious movement.
James Petras, a former Professor of Sociology at Binghamton University, New York,
owns a 50-year membership in the class struggle, is an adviser to the landless and
jobless in Brazil and Argentina, and is co-author of Globalization Unmasked (Zed